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The plant dicentra (Dicentra) is a representative of the genus of herbaceous perennials and annuals, belonging to the subfamily smokyanka, poppy family. Many people know this plant due to its unusual heart-shaped flowers. In France, because of this, the plant is called Jeanette's heart. There is a very old legend, which tells that these flowers appeared in the very place where the heart of unfortunate Jeanette broke when she saw her lover walking down the aisle with another girl. In England, such a flower is called "the lady in the bath". The Latin name of such a plant is formed by two Greek words, namely "dis" - "twice" and "kentron" - a spur, as a result of the dicenter it can be translated as "two-spur" or "a flower with two spurs". The plant came to European countries from Japan in 1816, while it immediately gained great popularity among aristocrats. Then they practically forgot about the plant, but at the moment the flower is again beginning to be popular with both experienced and novice gardeners.

Features of the dicenter

There are about 20 species in the genus of such a plant, with most of them growing in North America, the Far East, and also in Eastern China. The height of the bush can vary from 0.3 to 1 meter. The plant has a fleshy long rhizome that goes deep into the ground. Its beautiful pinnately dissected green leaf plates have a bluish tint, they also have a petiole. Slightly squeezed flowers are heart-shaped and pale red or light pink in color. Their diameter is about 2 centimeters, and they are part of drooping terminal arcuate inflorescences in the shape of a brush. The flowers have a pair of spurs on the corolla. The fruit is a capsule, inside of which are glossy black seeds that have an oblong shape. They remain viable for 2 years.

Plants for the shade of the Dicenter, or a broken heart

How to plant in open ground

What time to disembark

The plant is planted in open ground from the last days of April to the first days of May, and even in September. When planting in autumn, it should be borne in mind that the flower should take root well and develop a root system before the arrival of winter frosts. For such a plant, you can choose a well-lit area or located in a small shade. However, in a sunny place, the blooming of the dicenter can be seen much faster. This plant can be grown on any soil, but light, well-drained, moderately moist and nutrient-rich soil will be the best option for it. The soil for planting should be prepared in advance. If you are planting a plant in the spring, then take care of preparing a place for it in the autumn months, and vice versa, if the planting is scheduled for autumn, then you need to prepare the site in the spring. The earth must be dug to the depth of the bayonet of the shovel, while humus should be added to it (per 1 square meter from 3 to 4 kg of fertilizer), then the earth must be spilled with a nutrient solution prepared from mineral fertilizer (20 grams of substance per bucket of water).

How do they land?

The first step is to prepare planting holes for flowers. Their diameter and depth should be equal to 0.4 m, while it is necessary to maintain a distance between the bushes - 0.5 m. At the bottom, you need to make a drainage layer of broken brick or crushed stone. Then a layer of garden soil is poured into it, which must first be mixed with compost. Then you need to lower the plant into the hole and fill it with the same mixture of garden soil with compost. In the event that the soil is too heavy, then it can be combined with sand, and if you add limestone chips to the soil, then the dicenter will only get better from this.

Dicenter care

Watering the plant should be moderate, and you should also systematically loosen the surface of the soil and pull out weeds in a timely manner. It should be borne in mind that the root system of the flower for normal development requires oxygen, so it is imperative to loosen the earth. When shoots just appear in spring, they need to be covered at night, because frosts can destroy them. Water it with soft water. At the same time, during a drought period, watering should be done more often than usual, but it must be borne in mind that excessive watering can cause rotting of the root system. The plant must be fed regularly. At the beginning of spring, it needs a fertilizer containing nitrogen, when it begins to bloom, then there is a need for superphosphate; in autumn, the surface of the trunk circle must be shed with mullein infusion and mulched with humus. If you want to prolong flowering, then it is necessary to promptly cut off the flowers that are starting to fade.


The flower does not need to be transplanted often, so, without this procedure, it can do for 5-6 years. After that, it is recommended to transplant it by choosing a new site for it. Once every 2 years, the flower must be planted, if this is not done, then the overgrown root system begins to rot, which leads to its partial death. In early autumn, after the end of flowering, or in the last days of April and the first - in May, a flower that is 3-4 years old must be carefully dug out, while trying not to injure the roots. After the roots dry out a little (they should become slightly dried), they need to be carefully divided into pieces of 10-15 centimeters, each of which should have 3 or 4 buds. The sections should be sprinkled with ash. After that, the segments are planted in a new place and watered. If you want the bush to be lush, then 2 or 3 root segments can be planted in one hole at once. You need to transplant the plant in the same way as planting.

Reproduction of dicentra

The above describes how to propagate this plant by dividing the bush. It is rather difficult to grow such a flower from seeds and it is very labor-intensive, but nevertheless, some amateur gardeners still resort to this method of reproduction, and at the same time there are cases of quite successful cultivation of a dicenter. Seeds are sown in September, while the containers are placed in a cool place (from 18 to 20 degrees). The seedlings should appear in about 30 days. After the seedlings have 2 true leaves each, they will need to be dived into the open soil. For wintering, seedlings need shelter and for this they use a film. A plant grown from a seed begins to bloom only at the age of three.

The plant can be propagated by cuttings in early spring. At the beginning of the spring period, you need to prepare cuttings; for this, young shoots with a heel are cut off. The cuttings should be about 15 centimeters long. They are placed in a root-growth agent for 24 hours and then planted in flower pots for rooting. At the same time, a light and moist soil is used for rooting, and the cuttings must be plucked with glass jars, which are removed only after a few weeks. Once the cuttings have developed roots, they can only be transplanted into the garden after 12 months.

Diseases and pests

The dicenter is distinguished by a fairly high resistance to diseases, but sometimes it still gets sick with tobacco mosaic and ring spot. In an infected specimen, spots and stripes appear on young leaf plates, and on adults, rings of a pale color and elongated shape are formed, which outlines are similar to oak leaves. Rarely, a plant becomes ill with mycoplasma disease, as a result of which its peduncles become curved, growth slows down, and the color of the flowers changes to green or yellow. For the prevention of diseases, it is recommended to properly water the flowers, since excess moisture weakens the plant, and it can easily get sick. You can also treat the soil with a formalin solution as a preventive measure, however, flowers can be planted in such soil only after 4 weeks.

Of the insects on this plant, only aphids can be found. To destroy it, the bush is treated with Antitlin or Biotlin.

Dicenter (Broken Heart). Unpretentious Plants For Shady Places

After flowering

Seed collection

Experts do not recommend collecting the seeds of the dicentra grown in the middle lane. The fact is that in such conditions they may not mature. But ripe seeds also have a very low germination rate.

Preparation for wintering

In autumn, the part of the plant that rises above the soil must be cut off almost to the surface of the soil. The remaining stumps should be 3 to 5 centimeters high. Although this plant is resistant to frost, it still needs shelter for the winter. To do this, sprinkle it with a layer of peat 5 to 8 centimeters thick. It is not necessary to make a thicker layer, otherwise the root system may begin to rot.

Types and varieties of dicentra with photos and names

Dicentra excellent (Dicentra eximia), or exceptional dicentra, or excellent

Its homeland is considered to be the western regions of North America. Such a perennial reaches a height of only 20 centimeters. Fleshy leafless shoots. Finger-separated leaf plates consist of small lobes, while they are part of the lush basal rosettes. The diameter of the pink flowers is about 25 mm, they are part of the arched inflorescences that have the shape of a brush and reach a length of 15 centimeters. It begins to bloom in the third decade of May, while the duration of flowering is equal to three months. This plant is highly resistant to frost (withstands up to minus 35 degrees), however, it is recommended to sprinkle the soil surface with a layer of mulch in autumn. It has been cultivated since 1812. There is a white-flowered form.

Dicentra beautiful (Dicentra formosa)

The species came to European countries from British Columbia. There, the plant can be found from central California to humid forests. The height of the bush is about 0.3 m. The green, palmate-separated leaf plates have a slightly bluish seamy surface. They have long petioles and are part of the root rosette. The length of the inflorescences is from 10 to 15 centimeters. They consist of small pinkish-purple flowers with a diameter of 20 mm. Flowering begins in the last days of May and lasts until autumn. They have high winter hardiness, but still need shelter for the winter. Cultivated since 1796.

Popular varieties:

  1. Aurora... The petals located at the bottom are white in color, and at the top they have a light pink tint next to the peduncle.
  2. King of Hearts... Bright pink flowers and bluish light blue leaf plates.

This species has a subspecies - oregano dicenter. It is endemic to California and southwestern Oregon. The flowers are deep pink or white-cream with pinkish rime. The Alba form has white flowers.

Dicentra klobuchkovy (Dicentra cuccularia)

Originally from eastern North America from the states of Oregon and Washington. The rhizome contains small nodules. Greenish-gray thinly dissected leaf plates create pillows from rosettes. The height of the peduncles is about 0.3 m, they have white flowers with very long spurs. Often this species is grown at home. This species has a Pittsburgh cultivar, its flowers are pink. Recently, a form with lemon yellow flowers has appeared.

Dicentra golden-flowered (Dicentra chrysantha)

The homeland of this species is Mexico, and also the slopes of California (at an altitude of 1700 meters). The height of the bush can vary from 0.45 to 1.52 meters. Flowering begins in the second half of the spring and lasts until the first autumn days. The flowers are deep yellow and have 2 unusually curved petals. When grown in a garden, such a plant is whimsical, in natural conditions it quickly grows in places of fire.

Dicentra one-flowered (Dicentra uniflora)

In nature, you can meet in Idaho, in northern Utah, and in North America from the Sierra Nevada to Washington. Such a plant is still popularly called the "ox's head" as it has an unusual shape. The appearance of single flowers occurs in February – July, while the length of the peduncles is only 10 centimeters. Separately from the peduncles, feathery leaf plates grow. This type is quite effective, but it is very difficult to care for it.

Even dicenters are sometimes cultivated: few-flowered, whitish-yellow and Canadian.

Dicenter. Planting and leaving.

Description of the plant, species and varieties

This bulbous plant comes from South West Africa, belongs to the Iridaceae family, and is characterized by brilliant, colorful flowers. 3-5 flowers appear on each stem (sometimes 9), which come in many colors, differ in species and varieties (red, white, purple, yellow).

The plant has a height of 40-60 cm, forms growing vertically narrow leaves in the shape of a sword. Flowering begins in late spring, sometimes early summer; some varieties bloom in August.

The most common sparaxis are hybrids of the Sparaxis tricolor (tricolor) species, with many colorful varieties.

  1. Sparaxis tricolor, together with peduncles, is usually 40 centimeters high. 4-7 beautiful flowers are formed on peduncles. Tricolor petals with a dark ring closer to the center. The color is different depending on the variety. The bush is also decorative, with its xiphoid leaves forming the backdrop for the vibrant flowers.
  2. Sparaxis graceful (Sparaxis elegans). Representatives of the species are notable for their small height - about 15-25 centimeters. The petals are usually white or orange in color. On sale you can find a multi-colored mixture of varieties of this type - "Sparaxis mix".
  3. Sparaxis bulbifera (Sparaxis bulbifera) is also popular - the species is characterized by golden flowers. There are varieties with cream and white petals. Plant height reaches 60 centimeters.
  4. Sparaxis grandiflora (Sparaxis grandiflora) - the species is characterized by purple, white, sometimes yellow petals. Seldom sold, but also popular and decorative. Differs in high growth and intense pleasant aroma of flowers. The species is also called - Sparaxis fragrant.

Popular varieties

Sparaxis "Superba" - plant height reaches 30 cm. 4-7 flowers 5 cm in diameter are formed on each peduncle. The flowers are tricolor with a yellow center and a dark stripe in the middle. The edges of the petals are lilac, white, yellow, orange.

"Sunny Day" - the variety has beautiful yellow petals.

Alba maxima is synonymous with Montblanc - snow-white flowers with a yellow center.

The "Fire King" is crimson with a yellow center.

"Lord of Fire" - flowers with a yellow center, red petals.

Types and varieties of dicentra: photo and description

Further, we will consider in detail, a photo and description of the varieties of dicentra, which have the greatest decorative value and can be cultivated in the climatic conditions of Russia.

The center is excellent (D. eximia). That weed! However, the weed is cute and very unpretentious, and if you need to fill the space on the edge or in partial shade, then this low plant with bluish leaves will be very useful. It spreads, turning into a dense curtain, which blooms profusely in late spring - early summer.

The bush is small in size, it grows up to 25 cm in height. The advantage of this variety is a long flowering period, from May to the first frost.

Not whimsical to watering, tolerates drought well, leaves resemble ferns. Flowers come in only two varieties - white and pink.

Photos of dicenter and descriptions of other varieties can be viewed below:

Gold-flowered variety. Requires special attention. A large shrub up to 1.5 meters in height, golden-white, common in America. In Russia, it is quite difficult to cultivate it, but if you wish, you can, because it will give beautiful flowers in the summer.

Another purchase of mine was the beautiful dicentra (D. formosa).It turns out that the names of the dicenter mainly glorify their beauty!

Two varieties - King of Hearts and Aurora - are short, bluish foliage, expressive flowers. They will provide flowers from May to September, they are resistant to frost, in diameter - no more than 30 cm, which allows them to be planted near windows.

Look at the photo of the Dicentra Aurora variety below:

The dicenter is nodular. Homeland - America. It differs from other species in the large number of tubers formed in the root system. Leaves are gray-green, flowers are white, grows 30 centimeters, can be grown in pots.

It is worth mentioning the species that lives in the very east of our country, vagrant dicentra (D. peregrine). This is a charming baby with blue crinkled foliage and bright pink flowers. A very demanding species in culture, preferring coolness and not tolerating excessive moisture.

Many types of dicentra are sold in flower shops, choose the ones that are the most unpretentious and bloom for a long time.

For some of the described types of dicenter, see the photo below:

Types and varieties of reed grass with photos and names

The reed grass has more than three hundred varieties, but only a small part of them is used in the culture. All these types differ in appearance.

Reed reed (Calamagrostis acutiflora)

One of the most famous species in horticulture. Calamagrostis acutiflora is a hybrid derived from wild terrestrial and reed reeds. The rhizomes of such plants spread over the topsoil, creating a sod layer. The growing bushes quickly form dense thickets. Varietal plants obtained on the basis of such species do not form underground shoots, which means that they do not spread so actively.

Flowering begins in the first half of summer and lasts until frost. Its golden yellow or silvery panicles look very elegant against the background of green foliage hanging from top to bottom.

This species is not afraid of either drought or rainy summer. It can even be planted in clay soil. Due to the fact that the roots do not go deep, such plantings are not considered aggressive.

Veinik "Karl Foester" (Calamagrostis Karl Foester)

One of the most popular varieties of sharp-flowered reed grass. Calamagrostis Karl Foester forms a lush, spreading shrub that can fill an impressive distance thanks to its many stems. It is often used to decorate voids between plantings or as a frame for garden paths. The height of the stems reaches 1.5-2 m. Inflorescences about 30 cm long are formed on them. Their size depends on the planting site of the bush, which grows well both in the sun and in a shady corner. But the less light the plant receives, the more compact its inflorescences will be. As the development progresses, the color of the brooms may change. At first they have a pinkish tint, then turn brown, and then become light golden.

This variety can also be used to decorate the winter landscape: in the absence of strong winds in autumn, its panicles remain on the stems, continuing to delight the eye even after snow falls. In the spring, old shoots should be cut off - the plant will give new growth.

Veinik "Overdam" (Calamagrostis Overdam)

A more compact variety of the same type. The stems of Calamagrostis Overdam are about a meter high. The color of its foliage also makes the variety remarkable. On the green background of the plate, there are longitudinal white stripes, which give the landings an original look. But the stems do not differ in strength. With strong gusts of wind, they can easily break, so they try to choose a more closed place for the plant. As well as the main view, Overdam is distinguished by its undemanding location and care. It will thrive in both shady and sunny locations. Landings are not afraid of either heat or frost.

Growing rapidly, the reed plant forms hummocky bushes that serve as a spectacular backdrop for garden flowers. Over time, its pink-lilac panicles acquire a yellowish-gold or light brown color, which they do not lose during the winter. Growth rates allow for rapid multiplication.

Ground reed (Calamagrostis epigeios)

The species is found both in nature and in garden culture. Calamagrostis epigeios prefers a temperate climate, and in the forests of Europe it often turns into a malicious weed. Its long creeping rhizomes allow the plant to develop again even from a small process, so getting rid of uncontrolled plantings will be very difficult.

In height, bushes of this type can be either 80 cm or 1.5 m. The stems are strong, straight, with a ribbed rough surface and two nodes on opposite sides of the shoot. They have grayish-green leaves that are wider than those of other species.

During the flowering period, inflorescences about 25 cm long are formed. Each bush is capable of forming about 30 such brooms. They have a purple hue and appear in mid-summer.

Purple reed (Calamagrostis purpurea)

The species is most often found in Siberia and the Far East region. Calamagrostis purpurea forms shrubs about 1 m tall. They have rich green foliage. The length of the leaves can also be up to one meter with a width of 1 cm. Each blade has a smooth surface.

Flowering occurs in the second half of summer. The name of the species is associated with the color of its inflorescences. They have a pronounced pink or purple hue, which adds attractiveness to the bushes. This makes this species especially valuable for landscape design, but it is also considered more whimsical. The purple species prefers moist places with fertile soil, sufficiently sunny or slightly shady. But some varieties of such reed grass are less frost-resistant and cannot withstand severe cold weather. To keep them in your garden, you will need to use a shelter.

Watch the video: Этот чудо- цветок Дицентра..This miracle is the flower of Dicenter..Цей диво-квітка Дицентра


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